Local Expert Blog: What Is Plantar Fasciitis?

Saturday June 1st, 2019

Posted at 11:00am

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What is plantar fasciitis?

The plantar fascia is a band of tissue on the bottom of your foot that helps support your arch during walking activities. Plantar fasciitis is the term used to describe inflammation and pain at this area. This pain will generally occur with walking after prolonged periods of rest.

What causes plantar fasciitis?

Inflammation is the result of small micro-tears in the tissue with overstretching of the plantar fascia. Individuals with flat feet or poor footwear are more prone to these micro-tears and therefore have an increased chance of developing plantar fasciitis. Prolonged standing at work can also put you at increased risk for plantar fasciitis.

How can I prevent plantar fasciitis?

  • Ensuring you wear proper footwear with good soles and arch support and avoiding prolonged standing activities can help to decrease your chance of developing plantar fasciitis.
  • Foot insoles or orthotics can also be worn to maintain the arch in your foot and give extra support.

How is plantar fasciitis treated?

  • Two of the main treatments for plantar fasciitis include rest and ice to help alleviate the inflammation.
  • Stretching of your calf and foot should also be done on a regular basis.

Plantar fascia stretch: Pull your toes and ankle up towards you.

Calf stretch: Standing with feet staggered, lean into the wall until a stretch is felt in the calf of the back leg.

  • Rolling a tennis ball or frozen water bottle along the bottom of your foot provides a massage to the tissue while also increasing blood flow to the area.
  • Your health care providers can also use modalities such as ultrasound and laser to help with pain and inflammation.

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